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新目标英语八年级教学笔记 Review of Unit 1-6

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相关专题: 八年级英语教案









Re。view of Unit 1。-6


I. language goals (语言目标)


1. Talk about how often you do things 谈。论做事情的频率。


2. Talk about your health. Make suggestions.


谈论健康话题以及提出建议。


3. Talk about fut。ure plan。s.


谈论未来的计划/打算。


4. Talk about how to get to places.


谈论到达某地的方式。


5. Learn to make invitations, say yes to invi。tations and say no to invitations and give r。easons.


学会发出,接受和拒绝邀请并说出原因。


6. Learn to talk about personal traits and how to compare people.


学会谈论个人。品质以及如何比较人们。


II. Key Phrases (重点短语):


1. how often 多长时间一次 2. junk food 垃圾食品


3. a lot of 许多 4. hardly ever 很少


5. start with 以。…开。始 6. try to do sth. 试着去做某事


7. look after 照料 8. be kind o。f unhealthy 有点。不健康


9. once a day 一天一次 10. twice a month 一个月两次


11. be good for 对…有好处 12. once in a while 偶尔


13. see a doctor / dentist 看。病/看牙医


14. get a cold / fever 感冒/发烧


15. h。ave a stomachache 肚子疼


16. have a。 toothache 牙疼 17. have a sore throat 嗓子疼


18. lie do。wn and rest 躺下休息


19. drink hot tea with honey 喝加蜂蜜的热茶


20. be stressed out 紧张


21. listen to … 听…


22. get tired 变的疲劳。 23. k。eep healthy 保持健。康


24. at the moment 此刻;目前 25. wa。tch TV 看电视


26. play basketball 打篮球 27. babysit her sister 照看她的妹妹


28. visit m。y friend 拜访我的朋友29. rela。x a。t home 在家放松


30. sports camp 运动野营 31. something in。teresting


32. go hiking / camping / fishing / shoppin。g / sightseeing。


去徒步旅行/野。营/钓鱼/购物/观光


33. go away 离开 34. get back to school 返回学校


35. stay for a week 呆一个星期 36. go bike riding 骑自行车兜风


37. takes walks 散步 38. rent videos 租录像带


39. sleep a lot 睡得多 40. think about 考虑


41. take the subway / bus / boat / plan。e


乘地铁/公共车/小船/飞机


42. get to。 到达


43. g。o by bus / plane / boat 乘公共车/飞机/小船


44.。 trai。n / subway / bus station 火车/地铁/公共车站


45. bus ride 乘公共车的旅行 46. ride a bike 骑自行车


47. bus st。op 公共汽车站 48. on foot。 步行


49. leave for 离开去… 50. school bus 学校班车


51. the early bus 早班车 52. be diff。erent from 与…不同


53. half past si。x 六点半 54. in North America 在北美洲


55。. a quick breakfast 快捷的早餐 56. ne。ed to do 需要做…


57. more than 多于 58. play soccer 踢足球


59. baseball game 棒球比赛 60. schoo。l team 校队


61. come over to 过来到… 62. the day after tomorrow 后天


63. be good at 擅长于… 64. t。wo years ago。 两年前


65. be outgoing 外向的 66. all the tim。e 一直


67. in some ways 在一些方面 68. look the same 看起来一样


69. talk to everyone 与大家谈话 70. make me laugh 使我笑

III. Key Sentence Structu。res 重要句型:
Unit 1:
1. -What do you usu。ally do on weekends?
-I usually go to the movies。.
2. -What does he sometimes。 do on weekends。?。
-He sometimes surfs the Internet。.
3. How often do you exercise?
I exercise once a week.
4. How often does she eat vegetables?
She eats vegetables three times a d。ay.。
5. Most of the students go to the beach every year.
6. It makes a big difference to my grades.
7. My eating habits are pretty。 good.
Unit 2:
1. What’s the mat。ter?
What’s wrong?
Wh。at’s the trouble?
2. I’m not feeling well. I have a cold / fever/ stomac。hache / sore throat.
/I ha。ve a lot of headaches.
3. M。aybe you sh。ould see the doctor / dentist.
You should drink some hot tea with hone。y. 4. You shouldn’t eat anything for 24 hours.
5. Don’t get st。ressed out. It will make。 you sic。k.
6. I’m sorry to he。ar that you are not feelin。g well.
Unit 3
1. -What is she doing for vacation?
-She is babysitting h。er little sister.
-Th。at sounds n。ic。e / interesting.
2. -When are yo。u g。oing?
-I’m going on Monday.
3. -Wher。e are they going?
-They are going to Tibet.
4. -Who is she going with?
-She is going with her parents. 5. -How long is he staying.
-He is st。aying for a week.
6. -How is the weather ther。e?
-I’m hoping the weather will be nice.
7. He is leaving for Hong Kong the first week in June.
8. Have a good time.
Unit 4:
1. -How do you get t。o school?
-I get to school by bus.
2. -How does he go to work?
-He usua。lly walks to scho。ol.
3. -How long does it take?。
-It takes about twenty minutes.
4. -H。ow far is it from his home to school?
-It’s three miles.
5. What d。o you think of the transportation in your to。wn?
Unit 5:
1. -Ca。n you come to my party on Wednesday?
-Sure。, I’d love to. / I’m sorr。y。, I have to have a piano。 lesson.
2. -Can she go to the movies on Saturday?
-No, she can’t. She has to help her mom.
3. -Can you go to t。he concer。t on Monday?
-When is it?
-It’s at four o’clock on Friday.
4. Thanks a lo。t for the in。v。itation.
5. I’m going to study for a test this e。vening.
6。. What’s the date。 today?
Unit 6
1. Pedro is funnier than Paul.
2. Tina is (a little)taller tha。n Tara.
3. I am more athleti。c than my best friend.
4. My hair is longer than hers.
5. Liu Ying is not as good as her sister.
6. In some wa。ys, we look the same.
7. For me, a good friend likes doing the same。 things as me.
8. I’m quieter than most of。 the kids in my class, and so is my friend.
9. Who do you think should get the job, Ruth or Rose?

IV.。 Grammar语法: Unit 1:
1. 表频率的词汇和短语:
always usually often never hardly ever
sometimes seldom once a day twic。e a month
three time。s a week every two weeks once in。 a while
2. 做事情的频率(how often you do things。):
-What do。 you usually do in the morning?
-I usually read English books.。 Sometimes I walk in the garden.
I ha。rdly eve。r exercise. I eat vegetables twi。ce a week, but I never eat jun。k food.
3。. 如何提问频。率“多久一次”
-How o。ften does he play tennis?
-He plays。 tennis every day.

-How often do you drink milk?
-I drink milk once a day.

-How often do the。y go to the movies?
-。Som。etimes.

Unit 2:
1. 询问别人身体状况:
What’s wrong with you?
What’。s the。 matt。er with you?
What’s the trouble?
2. 提出建议(。give advice and make su。ggestions)
-What’s wr。ong with you?
-I have a headache.
-You should go to bed and have a rest. You shouldn’t work late.
-I have a fever.。
-You should drink。 a lo。t of water. You shouldn’t b。e stressed out.

Unit 3:
一。般将来时:
1. 现在进行时“be+动词。ing”可。以用来表示一个在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作。
-Wha。t are you doing for vacation?
-I’m visit。ing Tibet.
-Where are you going on May Day?
-I’m going to the beach.

-How man。y stud。ents are coming to out party tomorrow。?
-Fifty.
2. “be going to +动词原形”表示主观打算去做。某事,表示“人”打算,计划,决定要去做的事。
They are。 going to travel in China.
Look at the clouds! It is going to rain.
-Are you going to be a tea。cher when you grow up?
-Yes, I am.
3. 用“shall+动词。原形”或“will+动词原形”表示一般将来时。
(sh。all只用于第一人称)。
We shall go to the beach this Sunday.
My brother will。 finish middle school in a year.
These birds won’t fly to the south in winter.
When will they begin the work?

Unit 4:
谈论如何到达某地,以及以。何种方式到达某地。
-How。 do yo。u get to the museum?
-I get to the museum b。y sub。way. Sometimes I ride m。y bike to the museum.
注意区别:
(1)take the bus = g。o by bus
eg: I take the bus to get to school.
= I get to school by bus.
take th。e train = go by train
eg: He takes the train to go。 to。 school.
He gets to s。chool by tra。in.
take。 t。he subw。ay = go by s。ubway
take a ta。xi = go b。y taxi
go in a car = go by car
ride a bike = go by bike
wa。lk = go on foot

How引导的疑问句:
1. How does Lucia get to w。ork? (提。问方式“如何”)。
2. Dave is going to。 travel to Paris by plane. How long does it。 ta。ke。?
(提问时间长短“多长时间。”)
3. How far is it from the post office to the museum?
(提。问距离“多远”)
4. How often do。es Kat。e swi。m in the river? (提问频率“多久一次”)
5. How old is the little boy? (提问年龄“多大”)
6. How many cows are there? (提。问。数量。“多少”many后跟可数名词。)
7. How much water is there in the bottle?
(提问数量“多少”much后跟不可数名词)
8. How much is the doll?
(提问价钱“多少钱”)
9. How tall is h。is teache。r?
(提问高度“多高”)
10. How wa。s the weather?
(提问程度“怎样”)
Unit 5
情态。动词“can”表示可能性,或现。在决定将来的事。
练习用“Can …? ”发出邀请,接受或。拒绝并给出原因:
-。C。an you come to my。 party on Monday? -Sure, I’d l。ove to. / Sorry, I can’t. I。 have to study fo。r a test.
-Can she go t。o the movies?
-No, she can’t. She has to do he。r homework.
-Can he go to the football game tomorrow?
-No, he can’t。. He has。 a dr。iving lessons.
-。Can they go to the concert tonigh。t?
-No, they can’t. They are visiting their uncle.

Unit 6:
形容词比较级:
形容词比较级是用来表示事物的等级差别。
I. 形容词比较级的构成:
规则变。化:
1. 一般单音节词末尾加-er。
tall-taller gr。eat-greater
2. 以不。发音的e结尾的单音节词和少数以。-le结尾的双音节词只加-r。
nice-nicer large-larger able-ab。ler
3. 以一个辅音。字母结尾的闭音节单音节词,双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-er。
big-bigger hot-hot。ter
4. “辅音字母。+y”结尾的双音节词,改y为i,再加-er。
easy-easier busy-busier
5. 少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词末尾。加-er.
clever-cleverer narrow-narrowe。r
6. 其他双音节词和多音节词,在前面加more来构成比较级。
important-more important。 be。autiful-more beautiful
不规则变化:
good-b。etter well(健康的)-better
bad。-worse ill-worse old-older / elder many-more
much-more li。ttle(少的)-less
far(远的)-farther / fu。rther

II. 比较级句型: 1. 比较级+than … …比…较为
A +动词+形容词比较级+than+。B.
两者相比较,A比B更…一些。
I am older than you.
Mary is happier th。an Jane.
His brother。 is younger than I(me).
Beijing is more beautiful than Wuhan.
My sister has longer hair than Tara.
Her mother is thinner than her father.
Jack is taller than Tom.
2. as…as
A+动词+as+形容词原级+as+B.表示。A和B两者比较,程度相同,“…和…相同”。
My uncle is as tall as y。o。ur father.
Tom is as honest as John.
My dog is as old as that one.
A…+not+as+形容词原级+as+B 表示A,B两者程度不同,即A不如B。那。么…
My uncle is not as tall as your father.
Tom is not as honest as John.
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