Brainstorm the qu。estion/assignment:
Restate key words in the assignment with synonyms or in。 your own words;
Use these equivalent terms throughout your paper to keep focus。ed.;
Write down everything you can think of that is related to the assignment;
Generate two or three specific sentences that answer a question posed by the assignment;
Write your introduction last, afte。r you've had a chance to work your way to a conclusion;
Often it helps to take your concl。usion, use what you've learned, and then write the introduction in the next draft.
Refine your focus:
After writing your initial "guiding sent。ence" (thesis statement), writ。e a draft, then go back to the thesis and perhaps re-write it;
Include in each pa。ragraph an explicit reference to the language you use in your thesis. If the pa。ragraphs are not an extension of something in your thesis, either re-write your thesis statement, edit the paragraph, or cut it. Often you can revise the paragraph by adding words that more explicitly make the connection.
Make sure that your essay is developed out of your close analysis of selected passages found in the readings:
Choose one or two short passages from the text(s) to help focus yo。ur paper;
If using a quote, elaborate on its meaning using words from it. Don't l。eave it up to the reader to figure out how to interpret the language quoted.
Think about how to organize your paragraphs to c。reate an effective argument.
Is there a "scheme" you can use to organize your thoughts to。 help structure your paper?
How will your examples "build" upon each。 other? Think of logical possibilities:
less important to more important,or vice versa;
similar ideas versus contr。asting ideas;
Is there a central。 concept o。r metaphor you can weave。 throughout your paper to add coherence?
For short papers, start fast.
Provide an immediate, specific answer to a question posed by the assignmen。t.